Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936)

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Rudyard Kipling was born in Bombay on December 30th 1865. Young Rudyard's earliest years were blissfully happy in an India full of exotic sights and sounds. But at the tender age of five he was sent back to England to stay with a foster family in Southsea, where he was desperately unhappy. The experience would colour some of his later writing. When he was twelve he went to the United Services College at Westward Ho! near Bideford, where the Headmaster, Cormell Price, a friend of his father and uncles, fostered his literary ability. In 1882, aged sixteen, he returned to Lahore, where his parents now lived, to work on the Civil and Military Gazette, and later on its sister paper the Pioneer in Allahabad. In his limited spare time he wrote many remarkable poems and stories which were published alongside his reporting. Kipling returned to England in 1889. In 1892 he married Carrie Balestier. After a world trip, he returned with Carrie to her family home in Brattleboro, Vermont, USA. It was in Brattleboro, deep in New England, that he wrote Captains Courageous and The Jungle Books, and where their first two children, Josephine and Elsie, were born. A quarrel with Rudyard's brother-in-law drove the Kiplings back to England in 1896, and the following year they moved to Rottingdean in Sussex, the county which he adopted as his own. Their son John was born in North End House and soon they moved into The Elms. Life was content and fulfilling until, tragically, Josephine died while the family were on a visit to the United States in early 1899. Life was never the same again after Josephine's death, and living so close to Brighton Kipling had become a tourist attraction. So in 1902 he sought the seclusion of a lovely seventeenth century house called Bateman's near Burwash, nearby in Sussex, where he spent his remaining years. The Kiplings were to suffer a second bereavement with the death of their son John, at the age of 18, in the Battle of Loos in 1915. He was also much involved in the work of the Imperial War Graves Commission, and King George V became a personal friend. The Kiplings travelled a great deal, and at the outset of one of their visits, in January 1936, Rudyard died.

Bibliography

Plain Tales from the Hills
Soldiers Three

The Story of the Gadsbys
In Black and White
Under the Deodars
The Phantom Rickshaw
Wee Willie Winkie
Life's Handicap
The Light that Failed
The Naulahka - A story of West and East
Many Inventions
The Jungle Book
The Second Jungle Book
'Captains Courageous'

The Day's Work
A Fleet in Being
Stalky & Co.
From Sea to Sea - Letters of Travel
Kim
Just So Stories for Little Children
Traffics and Discoveries
Puck of Pook's Hill
Actions and Reactions
Rewards and Fairies
Sea Warfare
A Diversity of Creatures
Land and Sea Tales for Scouts and Guides
The Irish Guards in the Great War

Links

Kipling Society Website